Agriculture and Food Security>>Fertilizer


Agriculture provides the basis of subsistence for the population by production of food and raw materials. This sector constitute a large share of national output and employs a majority of the labor force in most developing countries. However, in recent times, Agriculture has experienced a number of severe shocks with record high oil prices, commodity price spikes, food security fears and resultant trade restrictions, not to mention the most serious global economic downturn since the 1930s. The greatest impact has been on the poor, especially in developing countries, with the world’s hungry now estimated at over 1 billion people. Fortunately, Agriculture has shown remarkable resilience with strong supply response to high prices and with continuing, albeit dampened, demands growth during the crisis.


In addressing this situation, D-8 Ministers of Agriculture Meeting on Food Security was held on 25-27 February 2009 in Kuala Lumpur – Malaysia. During the fruitful meeting, all the delegations adopted Kuala Lumpur Initiative to Address Food Security in D-8 Countries to face the challenges of global food crisis. The KL initiative identified three priority projects to be implemented among D-8 countries. The three projects are:

1.The productivity and supply of quality fertilizers
2.The productivity and supply of quality animal feeds
3.The creation of seed banks to supply quality seeds

The meeting also acknowledges the importance of information gathering among D-8 countries and agreed on the establishment of a market information service system in D-8 countries be initiated on animal feed, seed banks and fertilizers. The D-8 Ministers agreed that it is important to address the issues of standards and trade issues separately as it encompass all the three subject matters. Within this line, the meeting agreed to appoint prime movers to implement the initiatives as follows: 

1.Seed bank : Turkey & Iran
2.Animal Feed : Malaysia & Indonesia
3.Fertilizers : Egypt
4.Standards & Trade Issues : Iran & Turkey
5.Marine and Fisheries : Indonesia

This meeting was followed up by the 2nd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security, which was held on 18th May 2011 in Tehran, Iran, during which the Ministers reiterated commitments made and goals set in the framework of the 6th D-8 Summit Meetings in Kuala Lumpur, 2008, the D-8 Roadmap for Economic Cooperation in the “Second Decade of Cooperation”, “Kuala Lumpur Initiatives to Ensure Food Security”, as well as the previous ministerial meetings, and emphasized that more focus needs to be given to formulation and implementation of concrete projects and activities to translate those goals into collective action by D-8 Group.

One of D-8 achievement in Food Security cooperation is the MoUs between OIC and D8, and D-8 and ECO, to Activate Joint Economic Cooperation. The MoU seeks to encourage the development of joint programs and projects in all sectors, especially in trade, agriculture and tourism, through utilization of the human and material resources of both organizations as well as poised to exchange experiences and expertise to ensure the speedy implementation of their various economic development programs.

Another progress that D-8 have been developing in the food security cooperation is the institutional development of these working groups, which a prime mover as a coordinator, with a permanent secretariat to follow-up, evaluate and implement the program and the activities. Also, in every meeting, these working groups will also inviting the participation of private sectors. Considering the interest of Member Countries to issues related to this area, agriculture is one the most promising areas of cooperation in D-8.  

The 3rd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security and the Working Groups was held in Mataram, Indonesia, on 3-5 October 2012. 

The 4th Agriculture Ministerial Meeting on Food Security was held on 4-6 December 2013 in Nigeria.


  • Achievements
  • Current Activities
  • Contacts
  • News/Events

Subsequent to the KL Initiative, in the Fertilizer sub-sector, several meetings have been held by D-8 Organization as follows:

1)1st Ministerial Meeting on Marine and Fisheries & Fertilizers and 1st Senior Officials Meeting of the D-8 Working Group on Marine and Fisheries & Fertilizers (6-8 April 2010, Cairo – Egypt) 
On D-8 Working Group on Fertilizers, the following topics were adopted:

1.Egypt as prime mover should continue to be permanent standing committee on fertilizer
2.Strengthening cooperation in the field of fertilizer:
  • Human resources 
  • Technical assistance 
  • Environmental impact from the production and use of fertilizers
  • Availability of raw materials
  • Investment opportunities and cooperation 
  • Harmonizing of fertilizers standards between D-8 countries
  • Implementation of preferential trade agreement (PTA) for fertilizers
  • Establishment of joint research & technological collaboration in production and supply of fertilizers and to meet every 6 month to discuss special topics workshops
3.Develop joint investment programs in the field of fertilizer production by encouraging and supporting investors and private sector.
4.Cooperation with international organizations such as FAO and others.

During this working group meeting in Cairo, private sector of Iran – Egypt signed a letter of intent to exchange fertilizers materials and promote cooperation in this field.


2)2nd Working Group on Fertilizer (16 May 2011 in Tehran, Iran)

Iran has confirmed to host a " D8 Private Sector Meeting on Fertilizer " in Tehran. The D-8 Secretariat shall wait for official confirmation from the Ministry of Agriculture of Iran.

In addition to that, Malaysia has also proposed to establish inter-D8 Group Bilateral or Multilateral Trade Cooperation on Fertilizer through offering of competitive prices and qualities. Based on environmental problems of the world, the Delegates also proposed cooperation and exchange of experiences on production of Bio-Organic fertilizers. Considering similar climates in some Member States, i.e. desert and arid lands as well as the need for mutual technical cooperation on introduction and application of fertilizers, the Nigerian Delegates underlined the importance of closer collaboration among D8 countries.

3) Ad hoc meeting on fertilizer, which was held in Kish Island of Iran, during 9-11 March 2013.

The meeting witnessed the active exchange of views on the current status of production, distribution, and trade of fertilizers in D-8 Countries, and thoroughly discuss the feasibility of established the referred trade consortium. The meeting resoluted on proposing an MoU on the establishment of a D-8 trade consortium on fertilizer. The MoU will serve as an initial draft to be presented and sought final approval from all D-8 member countries at the 2nd D-8 Ad Hoc Group Meeting on Fertilizer, which will be held in Istanbul, Turkey, in mid of 2013.


4) 4th Meeting of The Working Group on Fertilizer, 4th December, 2013, Abuja - Nigeria

i. After deliberations in the Meeting, the delegates agreed on the following: 

That Member States, who were yet to appoint a focal point Officer, should do so to facilitate the take-off of D8 Fertilizer Association in their respective countries.

ii. Consideration of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) and Articles of Incorporation of D8 Fertilizer Association (D8FA).

The Memorandum of Understanding and the Articles of Incorporation were presented, reviewed and adopted by the Working Group. The Meeting after extensive discussions, consultations and due considerations such as the availability of facilities and administrative support for take-off, adopted Istanbul, Turkey- the D8 Secretariat as the Interim D8FA headquarters for two (2) year period. The Board shall, after evaluation of the progress made by the D8FA in various member countries at the end of the 2year period, decide on the permanent Headquarters for the Association. 

The MoU shall be signed by the Ministers of Agriculture of the D8 Member States while the Article of Incorporation shall be endorsed by the Board of Directors of D8FA in their first meeting.

New Projects & Area of Cooperation

Malaysia made a presentation on the benefit of locating the D8FA headquarters in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The Meeting recalled that a decision on the headquarters had already been taken, and therefore advised Malaysia to represent in the next two years when the Board shall be taking a fresh decision on the issue.

Nigeria also presented a paper on areas of investment such as
i. Exploration and mining of phosphate rock
ii. Value addition to produce phosphatic fertilizers (SSP, TSP,DAP and MAP)
iii. Urea production, and
iv. NPK compound fertilizers.


The identified area of collaboration is capacity building on fertilizer quality assurance, which is to cover the following:

i. Inspection, analysis and trials of new fertilizer formulations
ii. Enforcement of regulations
iii. Certification, registration and sanctions
iv. Laboratory determination/confirmation of nutrient deficiencies in fertilizers. 


In a nutshell,The 1st Meeting on D-8 Ad Hoc Group on Fertilizer 9-11 March 2013 in Kish Island, IRAN brought the proposal based its analysis on several underlying importance of the D-8 member countries to:


1.Act and conduct direct linkage between producer and consumer, hence monopoly or oligopoly practices in current fertilizer supply chain can be reduced.

2.Coordinate and negotiate with producers on bulk purchase and higher volume. Priority will be given to member countries that currently have its fertilizer producers.

3.Determine and secure the best fertilizer prices for the benefit of its members. 

4.Secure long term contract especially between governments and producers of member countries.

5.Monitor the purchase and delivery of fertilizers.

6.Develop the best payment mechanism and to seek other alternative modes of payment, particularly counter trade between countries.

7.Ensure fertilizer quality corresponds with its specification.

8.Secure syndicated loan from various sources especially member countries, Muslim countries and Persian Gulf.

9.Promote fertilizer business, opportunities and knowledge through international conferences, seminars and workshops.

10.Disseminate information on world fertilizer business, market trends, pricing and major players.

11.Initiate business investment collaboration between member countries, for instance:

•Fertilizer hub development

•Joint ownership fertilizer compound plant

•Vessel chartering and ownership

•Warehousing and transshipment – port to port

•Producers open up investment to increase production from secure market

12.Encourage usage of organic fertilizers between member countries.

13.Encourage research and development in organic farming system and methods.

14.Develop and advise on standards in organic fertilizers production.

15.Develop network for raw materials availability in both organic and inorganic fertilizer production.


To implement the idea of D-8 Fertilizer Association, the proposal envisaged the establishment of a “coordinating unit” - which functions as the managing office established by the endorsement of D-8 Agriculture Ministers, to oversee and execute operational matters of D-8 member countries in fulfilling their fertilizer need. 


This coordinating unit will work on the following standard of operation:


•Each member country to submit their yearly requirement, including quality specifications and dates of delivery.

•A long term contract to trade between producers/world traders and consumers will be implemented. 

•Price of fertilizers will be locked with producers/world traders on yearly contract basis but dependent also on current market situation whereby it will be adjusted accordingly as per agreed formula pricing.

•The management will facilitate delivery on schedule, taking into account on vessel availability, port conditions and logistical issues. 

•The management team will also provide marketing research department and advisory roles on a host of matters related to the fertilizer industry, including holding seminars, exhibitions and workshops.



WG on Fertilizers

Bangladesh
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Egypt

Dr. Hany Ramadan
Director of Land and Water Research


Indonesia

Ir. F. Tony Tanduk, MA
Director of Basic Chemical Industry
Directorate General of Manufacture Industry
Ministry of Industry 
Email: tonytan@centrin.net.id 

Mr. Winky Angga Priatna
Head of Department
Directorate International Industry Cooperation
Tel: (+62 21) 525 5509 ext. 4046
Fax: (+62 21) 525 3214
Email: w_anggapriatna@yahoo.com


Iran

Mr. Esmail Kavousi
Head of Nutrion, Certified & Organic Products Department
esmkav@gmail.com 
Mobile: +98 9125732260
Tel: +98 21 88318641
Fax: +98 2188861304



Malaysia

Faridah Ahmad
a_faridah@doa.gov.my  
ahmad_faridah@yahoo.com  
+603-88703423

Mr. Borhan Jantan
Department of Agriculture
Phone: +6017 2210029
Email: borhan@doa.gov.my 

Mr. Saharudin Bin Mohd Dan
National Farmers Organizations (NAFAS)
Phone: +6012-692 1508
Email: saharudin@nafas.gov.my 

Mr. Mohd. Zamani Salim
National Farmers Organizations (NAFAS)
Phone: +60135107688
Email: zamani@mnfsb.co.my 


Nigeria

Mr. A. O. Osho
Director at Federal Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development
oluoshoakin@gmail.com  
bolawaosho@yahoo.com  
+234 8065488 780

Mr. Thomas Etuh
President, Fertilizer Producers and Suppliers Association of Nigeria (FEPSAN)
Bank of Industry Building
Muhammad Buhari Way, Kaduna
Kaduna State, Nigeria
Phone +234 8023 534 795 
Email thomas@takgroup.com  
                 fepsannigeria@yahoo.com





Pakistan
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Turkey

Yasar Orhan 
yasar.orhan@tarim.gov.tr  
Tel. +90 312 287 3360-8324
Fax. +90 312 286 3964
          • -2nd Working Group Meeting on  Fertilizer (16 May 2011, Tehran–Iran) - HELD

          • -2nd Senior Officials Meeting of the 2nd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security (17 May 2011, Tehran-Iran) - HELD

          • -2nd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting of Food Security (18 May 2011, Tehran-Iran)- HELD

          • -D-8 Private Sector Investment Workshop on Gene Bank Development and Management and Investment in Fertilizer Production(15-17 May 2012,   Abuja – Nigeria) - HELD

          • -3rd  D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on  Food Security (4 October 2012,West Nusa Tenggara-Indonesia)- HELD

          • -Senior Official Meeting for the 3rd D-8 Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security (4 October 2012, West Nusa Tenggara-Indonesia)- HELD

          • -3rd D-8 Working Group on  Fertilizer (3 October 2012, West Nusa Tenggara-Indonesia) - HELD

          • -2nd D-8 Task Force Meeting on Food Industries (8 October 2012, Dhaka-Bangladesh) - HELD

          • -2nd D-8 Task Force Meeting on  Petrochemical and Fertilizer (8 October 2012, Dhaka-Bangladesh) - HELD

          • -D-8 Water Forum (21-23 February 2013, Istanbul, Turkey) - Held

          • -The 1st Meeting on D-8 Ad Hoc Group on Fertilizer was held from (9-11 March 2013, in Kish Island, Iran) - HELD

          • -2nd Ad Hoc Meeting on Possible Formation of Consortium on Fertilizer (4-6 November 2013,Antalya-Turkey) - Held

          • -4th Agriculture Ministerial Meeting on Food Security (4-6 December 2013 Nigeria) - Held

-5th Agricultural Ministerial Meeting on Food Security (15-17 October 2014, Istanbul-Turkey) - Confirmed